CORPORATE TAX UPDATES: WHAT’S CHANGED IN THE LATEST BUDGET ANNOUNCEMENT?Apr 04 2023
This article covers changes to various tax rates and reliefs set to take effect from 1 April 2023 in the UK. The corporation tax rate will increase to 25% for companies with profits over £250,000 per year, while the current 19% rate will continue for those with profits below £50,000. Research and Development (R&D) reliefs will also see significant changes, with SME companies seeing a reduction in R&D tax relief rates from 230% to 186%, and loss-making SME companies needing to meet a new 40% test to access a payable credit of 14.5%.
New rates from 1 April 2023
From 1 April 2023, the rate of Corporation Tax will increase to 25% if a company’s profits exceed £250,000 a year. The current 19% rate will however continue to apply where profits are no more than £50,000 a year.
Where a company’s profits fall between £50,000 and £250,000 a year, the profits are taxed at the higher 25% rate, but a ‘marginal relief’ is given to reduce the liability, with the effective rate being closer to 19% for those with profits just over £50,000.
Companies in the same corporate group (or otherwise connected by association) must share the £50,000 and £250,000 thresholds between them, making the 25% rate more likely to apply.
Research & Development (R&D) Reliefs
From 1 April 2023 a raft of changes is coming to the R&D tax relief regime and claimant companies should consider obtaining updated advice if they’ve not already done so. The key changes are:
- The Research and Development Expenditure Credit (RDEC) available to non-SME companies will be increased from 13% to 20%.
- For SME companies, R&D tax relief rates will be reduced from 230% to 186%.
- For loss-making SME companies, the current payable credit of 14.5% will only be available for companies whose R&D expenditure constitutes at least 40% of their total expenditure. For R&D claimants that don’t meet the new 40% test, the payable credit will be reduced from 14.5% to 10% of the eligible loss.
- Qualifying R&D expenditure will be expanded to include data licences and cloud computing services.
- New claimants (those who have not made a claim in the previous 3 years) will be required to inform HMRC of their intention to make a R&D claim within 6 months of the end of the accounting period to which the claim relates.
From 1 August 2023, additional information requirements will need to be fulfilled when making a R&D claim.
Creative industries tax reliefs
The government continues to support the creative industries by reforming and enhancing film, TV and video games tax reliefs. The government will also extend the temporary higher rates of theatre, orchestra, and museums and galleries tax reliefs for 2 further years until April 2025.